They are organized into 3 main groups—textile fibers (used in production of cloth), cordage fibers (used in production of rope), and filling fibers (used to stuff upholstery and mattresses). Food and Fibre Crops. The host genome also plays some role in determining which of the keystone cellulose-degrading and hemicellulose-degrading bacteria will thrive and proliferate in the rumen (Sasson et al., 2017; Wallace et al., 2019).  Total 19 crops found in category Fiber crops. a plant raised for fiber. The fibre is used for manufacturing packing cloth, hessian and bags for the transport and storage of cotton, wool, … There are about 100 species under the genus Boehmeria. Most of the jute improvement research was focused only on varietal improvement (via conventional breeding) and very limited successes were reported in decoding its genomic information as well as the application of genetic engineering (via molecular breeding). Likewise turmeric is an important spice crop grown on commercial scale as a source of farm income. Over 70% of the cow’s energy comes from this microbial digestion of plant fiber (Flint et al., 2008; La Reau and Suen, 2018), demonstrating the primacy of microbes in a cow’s herbivorous feeding strategy. Much of it is exported in processed form, largely as burlap. National Institute of Industrial Research, Delhi, India. Most animals (with the exception of certain plant-eating beetles that acquired their genes for digesting plant fiber by lateral gene transfer from microbes) do not have genes encoding the enzymes that digest these plant polysaccharides (Calderón-Cortés et al., 2012; Kirsch et al., 2014). N. Phytol. Diploid cotton : (2n = 26) G.arboreum - Karunganni cotton G.herbaceum - Uppam cotton Tetraploid cotton : (2n = 52) G.hirsutum - American cotton G.barbadense = Egyptain cotton, sea island cotton. Its phytoremediation potential was tested by Bang et al. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing, New Delhi. Textile Institute, Manchester. Postler and Ghosh cited several reports that presented evidence that short chain fatty acids interacted with immune cells in the lamina propria of the colon and they limited secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines from macrophages in the lamina propria. Seed Cotton: Production Table 72. (2011) demonstrated that depending on the environmental humidity, it could be necessary to choose the type of grass. Stipa tenacissima L. (Alfa) is widespread on the highlands; the range is estimated to be 3 million ha but covers only 450,000 ha. Sun-hemp. China, mainly the central and southern part, leads the world in the production of ramie. Moyra Smith, in Gene Environment Interactions, 2020, Adequate production of short chain fatty acids through bacterial digestion of plant fiber derived material has also been shown to be protective against inflammatory bowel disease in model organisms.31. A flax fiber is a natural and biodegradable composite, which exhibits good mechanical properties and low density (Singh et al., 2011). Tomato leaf curl disease (ToLCD) is the most devastating disease of tomato, affecting a large area under cultivation; it can be on the scale of an epidemic. This indicates that earlier the infection, higher is the yield loss. Lewin, M., Pearce, E.M. Seed Cotton: Yield Table 73. P.K. In fact, forage provided by grasses use either the C3 or the C4 photosynthetic routes to fix CO2 into carbohydrates thanks to the activity of the C-bisphosphate carboxylase, with C4 grasses being more efficient photosynthesizers as a result of their distinct morphology and the activity of the other enzyme PeP-carboxylase. Moreover, the products of fiber digestion appear to regulate interactive networks that sustain the rumen ecosystem. 1) Coconut 2) Creole cotton 3) Egyptian cucumber 4) Fique 5) Hemp 6) Henequen 7) Kapok 8) Kenaf 9) Linseed 10) Manila hemp 11) New Zealand flax Core fibers, in the woody inner stem, are shorter, with an average fiber length of 0.5–1 mm, having low cellulose and high lignin content. Ghosh, T., 1983. Mucilage gums are polysaccharides that become viscous when mixed with water or other fluids and have an important role in laxatives (Singh et al., 2011). Rice Written by ILO content Manager these Cry proteins are harmless for other beneficial insects safe... Industrial processes with diesel, whereas Wang et al regulators of the more popular varieties—such as kenaf and mesta the. The bulk of undigested material acts as bulk to separate the nutritive components so that they are poorly known poorly. Jute study group ( IJSG ), with some species producing both types fibre. 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