Choice of environment and planting season. This is the famed kali or keppai kali. [17] ICRISAT is currently evaluating crop wild relatives and will introgress Striga resistance into cultivated finger millet. Not logged in Singh, and Salej Sood Abstract Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] [4], Most common finger millet intercropping systems in South India are as follows:[citation needed], Weeds are the major biotic stresses for finger millet cultivation. The oldest record of finger millet comes from an archaeological site in Africa dating to the 8th century AD. It is generally considered as a drought-tolerant crop, but compared with other millets, such as pearl millet and sorghum, it prefers moderate rainfall (500 millimetres (20 in) annually). Eleusine coracana Eleusine coracana Épis d'éleusine. Finger millet is the common English name of the crop Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn., a domesticated cereal of African origin which spreads in prehistory to Asia, also sometimes referred to as korakan or ragi (a widespread local name in India) or dagusa (in Ethiopia). [11][12] Finger millet blast can be controlled with cultural measures, chemical treatments, and the use of resistant varieties. Eleusine coracana (Uburo, l’Éleusine, Finger millet) Plante aux mille grains et aux innombrables vertus. Cultural methods could be sowing in rows instead of broadcast sowing to make distinction between finger millet seedlings and E. indica easier when hand weeding. The finger millet types were selected as they varied in visual kernel colour from creamy white to dark brown. Introduced to India approximately 3,000 years ago. Finger millet originates from east Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia. In some parts of Kumaon region the ragi flour is used to make various snacks like namkeen sev and mathri. The flour is made into a fermented drink (or beer) in Nepal and in many parts of Africa. [11] Measures to control weeds include cultural, physical, and chemical methods. Cultural measures to control finger millet blast suggested by ICRISAT for Eastern Africa include crop rotations with nonhost crops such as legumes, deep ploughing under of finger millet straw on infected fields, washing of field tools after use to prevent dissemination of the pathogen to uninfected fields, weed control to reduce infections by weed hosts, and avoiding of high plant densities to impede the pathogen dispersal from plant to plant. 99 ($0.20/Ounce) Get it as soon as Fri, Dec 11. Finger millet originated in East Africa (Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands) and came to India around 2000 BCE. Finger millet is native to the Ethiopian highlands (D’Andrea et al., 1999). Finger millet has a good malting activity. [4] Besides Eleusine indica, the species Xanthium strumarium, which is animal dispersed and the stolon-owning species Cyperus rotondus and Cynodon dactylon are important finger millet weeds. Leveling and watering of beds is required during transplanting. Agriculture is the ‘engine for growth’ in Africa. Domesticated finger millet was then also farmed in the lowlands of Africa. Its use in holy Hindu practices is barred especially by upper castes. The oldest evidence for finger millet dates to 3000 BC from what is now central Sudan where this grain was domesticated. Climatic conditions. Ragi mudde and bhajji with sambar and chutney, Idli, a South Indian breakfast dish made from ragi flour, Taxonomy and botanical description of finger millet, Growing finger millet to improve nutrition, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Phenotypic Diversity of Nepalese Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) The malted finger millet can be used as a substrate to produce for example gluten-free beer or easily digestible food for infants.[4]. Finger millet [Eleucine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] In the Kumaon region of northern India, ragi is traditionally fed to women after child birth. For children, ragi is also fed with milk and sugar (malt). Finger Millet, also known as Ragi is considered important millet grown extensively in numerous regions of India and Africa. Finger millet is very adaptable to a wide range of environmental and climatic conditions, thrives at higher elevations than most other tropical cereals and tolerates salinity better than most cereals. The mini millet mill can also be used to process other grains such as wheat and sorghum. 16 17. This is the common method because it is the easiest way and no special machinery is required. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2, Reference Module Humanities and Social Sciences, Floors and Occupation Surface Analysis in Archaeology, Florence Charter on Historic Gardens (1982), Foraging to Farming Transition: Global Health Impacts, Trends, and Variation, Forensic and Archaeological Analyses: Similarities and Differences, Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology in Disaster Response, Forensic Anthropology: Investigating Human Rights Violations, Formal Education up to Age 18, Archaeology in. Line Sowing: Improved sowing compared to broadcasting. This is then rolled into balls of desired size and consumed with sambar (huli), saaru (ಸಾರು), or curries. Moistening the millet seeds prior to grinding helps to remove the bran mechanically without causing damage to the rest of the seed. Facilitates organic weed management due to better distinction of weed and crop. In Karnataka, finger millet is generally consumed in the form of a porridge called ragi mudde in Kannada. In Sri Lanka, finger millet is called kurakkan and is made into kurakkan roti – an earthy brown thick roti with coconut and thallapa – a thick dough made of ragi by boiling it with water and some salt until like a dough ball. It has poor content of calcium, potassium, and sodium (less than 10% DV, table). Transplanting the seedlings: Raising the seedlings in nursery beds and transplant to the main field. [4], Finger millet is a short-day plant with a growing optimum 12 hours of daylight for most varieties. The crop has been found in the archeological record of early African agriculture and was introduced to India at least 3000 years ago (Vishnu-Mittre, 1968). Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) is one of important food crops in Sri Lanka.That can be cultivated under adverse soil and climatic conditions mostly as a rain fed crop. Finger millet has an excellent food value as its seeds contain protein ranging from 7 to 14% and are particularly rich in methionine amino acid, iron, and calcium. In this method, spacing of 22 cm to 30 cm between lines and 8 cm to 10 cm within lines should be maintained. Its main growing area ranges from 20°N to 20°S, meaning mainly the semiarid to arid tropics. It is a hardy crop that can be grown in very diverse environments from almost at sea level to about 2400 m.a.s.l. The most Millet families were found in the USA in 1880. However, in Africa, finger millet is second and represents 19% of millet production, after pearl millet … [5] Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 m above sea level, its high drought tolerance, and the long storage time of the grains. is a cereal grass grown mostly for its grain, which is a staple food in many African and South Asian countries (for information concerning the feed uses of the grain, see the Finger millet, grain datasheet).Finger millet is a robust, tufted, tillering annual grass, up to 170 cm high, with erect, slender stems rooting at the lower nodes. [18], Propagation in finger millet farming is done mainly by seeds. There are various food recipes of finger millet, including dosa, idli, and laddu. In addition, intercropping with legumes, such as cowpea or pigeon pea, are also quite common in East Africa. 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