An agent owes certain duties towards his/her principal and a principal owes certain duties towards his/her agent. You note in your 2010 book, The Flat World and Education: How America's Commitment to Equity Will Determine Our Future, that good principals are the number one reason why teachers stay in school. "I've learned that as long as you support them, there is really nothing [the students] can't do."8. The following are ten such most important duties enjoined upon Hindus by the Vedas and the Dharmashastras (books of duties). The law of agency thus governs the legal relationship in which an agent deals with a third party for his/her principal. In one project, professors observed how Atkinson's teachers kept students engaged and shared the collected data with the faculty in addition to using it for a research study. Specifically, they say, "The research literature over the last quarter century has consistently supported the notion that having high expectations for all, including clear and public standards, is one key to closing the achievement gap between advantaged and less advantaged students and for raising the overall achievement of all students. ... Co-ordination is one of the most important functions of entrepreneur. Nearly all 390 students at Louisville's J. Being an effective principal is hard work and is also time-consuming. Hensley, the first person in his extended family to graduate from high school and then college, sought to instill in his staff the idea that all children could learn, with appropriate support. Use our Job Search Tool to sort through over 2 million real jobs. "I can tell by how I'm greeted at the school office how well a vision of student success has been communicated," Bonti said. A pipeline for effective leadershipWallace's work over the last decade suggests such a pipeline would have four necessary and interlocking parts: Coordination of state and district effortsEffective school leadership depends on support from district and state officials. It's also building trust between and among the professionals, seeing teachers as respected professionals, that is, people not to be mandated to or barked at but as colleagues who have expertise to be orchestrated and shared - and as professionals who want to continue to grow. "I understand the power of a school to make a difference in a child's life," he says. Principals play a major role in developing a "professional community" of teachers who guide one another in improving instruction. High-scoring principals believed that every teacher, whether a first-year teacher or a veteran, can learn and grow. As the Cheshire cat pointed out to Alice, if you don't know where you're going, any road will lead you there. "If they're not proficient, we re-teach and test again." One is so that [they] know what to expect. "He's built on teachers' strengths to share them with others," says reading specialist Lori Atherton. etc., are to be supervised by the Principal with the help of these committees. Perhaps this is a case of two heads - or more - being better than one: "The higher performance of these schools might be explained as a consequence of the greater access they have to collective knowledge and wisdom embedded within their communities," the study concludes.18, Principals may be relieved to find out, moreover, that their authority does not wane as others' waxes. "Number two, seek out the best preparation you can find for instructional management, for organizational development, for change management - for these things that we know matter because [being a principal] is a different use of your skills and talents. Preparing School Leaders for a Changing World: Lessons From Exemplary Leadership Development Programs - Final Report, Linda Darling-Hammond, Michelle LaPointe, Debra Meyerson, Margaret Terry Orr and Carol Cohen. To improve the quality of teaching and learning in the teacher -student system the Principal should pay regular visits to the different classes in which the teachers are engaged. Oversee the development of Curriculum Committee and keep the Board apprised. They emphasize research-based str… Their informal visits or observations in classrooms were usually not for instructional purposes. Therefore, the government decides the educational policies, prepares educational budgets, provides grant-in-aid to the schools and decides the service conditions of the teachers. In addition, Bonti has seen how a skillful principal can use data to bring teachers into efforts to improve schools. It's not going to just have to be me. Studying BIPOC Arts Organizations Request for Qualifications (RFQ), Five Key Responsibilities - The School Principal as Leader: Guiding Schools to Better Teaching and Learning, Converting Family into Fans: How the Contemporary Jewish Museum Expanded its Reach, VIDEO: Mayor and Philanthropist:
Why We Support Afterschool Systems, The Groundwork for Successful Cohort-Based Fiscal Capacity Building, VIDEO: Helping Nonprofits “Own the Numbers”, Presentations: Access, Equity and Quality in Arts Learning: Conference Highlights, Get the latest news and ideas from Wallace. These include respect for every member of the school community; "an upbeat, welcoming, solution-oriented, no-blame, professional environment;" and efforts to involve staff and students in a variety of activities, many of them schoolwide.12. Most principals would welcome hearing what one urban school administrator had to say about how team-based school transformation works at its best: "like a well-oiled machine," with results that could be seen in "student behavior, student conduct, and student achievement. That's why, when her gig as a peer evaluator ends, she is considering pursuing a new goal: becoming a principal herself. Candidates who determine they are unable to perform the duties or do not meet the minimum qualifications may self screen "28, Effective principals work relentlessly to improve achievement by focusing on the quality of instruction. The principal functions as a principal teacher who is really focusing on instruction along with [and] by the side of teachers - not top down mandates and edicts. Fortunately, we have a decade of experience and new research demonstrating the critical importance of leadership for school principals and documenting an empirical link between school leadership and student growth. 9. LH: Is it your sense that most schools are operating this way or does this remain the exception? LDH: One of the features that we've talked about is lots of collaboration around good practice. It clarifies that the vice president becomes president if the president dies, resigns, or is removed from office, and establishes how a vacancy in the office of the vice president can be filled.. Holland Code: E-C-I Every non-government school has a managing committee with a president, a secretary and a few members. Luckily for Bonti, this principal was not the only one she has encountered over the years. Thus, the Principal is responsible for the all round progress and development of the school programme. Moreover, if winning over skeptics is any indication of success, Hensley points with pride to a comment years later from a veteran teacher who had initially opposed his changes at Atkinson: "She said, ‘They sent a lot of people here to fix this school. The principal must monitor all activities within their school and be the leader of it all, so to speak. To track progress across the school, Atkinson used a data board that lined one wall in the school's curriculum center. Hensley brought in teams to diagnose each child's academic and emotional needs and develop individual "prescriptions" that might include anything from home visits to intensive tutoring to eyeglasses. One reason for that is that we design our schools in most cases still in the United States based on the factory model of 100 years ago, where the idea was that teachers are only working when they're in classrooms instructing children. "38 They view data as a means not only to pinpoint problems but to understand their nature and causes.39, Principals also need to approach their work in a way that will get the job done. Please enable scripts and reload this page. It includes instructional leadership and the development of learning opportunities for kids and teachers. "11, To change this kind of climate - and begin to combat teacher isolation, closed doors, negativism, defeatism and teacher resistance - the most effective principals focus on building a sense of school community, with the attendant characteristics. It means they need to be skillful at delegating some of their old management duties to make time for their instructional tasks. Use our Job Description Tool to sort through over 13,000 other Job Titles and Careers. One of the nation's leading authorities on education policy as well as teachers and the teaching profession, Darling-Hammond has served on The Wallace Foundation's board of directors since 2009. Religion provides mental peace: Human life is uncertain. "21, Effective principals studied by the University of Washington urged teachers to work with one another and with the administration on a variety of activities, including "developing and aligning curriculum, instructional practices, and assessments; problem solving; and participating in peer observations. List of the Duties of a Secretary. The stale department of education includes the secretariat of Education and the Directorate. "43 The lesson? Except for the most entrepreneurial, principals are unlikely to proceed with a leadership style focused on learning if the district and state are unsupportive, disinterested or pursuing other agendas. "20, University of Washington research on leadership in urban school systems emphasizes the need for a leadership team (led by the principal and including assistant principals and teacher leaders) and shared responsibility for student progress, a responsibility "reflected in a set of agreements as well as unspoken norms among school staff. Job description and duties for Lawyer. They do this by monitoring the state tests scores that students take. 27. Learning-Focused Leadership and Leadership Support: Meaning and Practice in Urban Systems, Michael S. Knapp, Michael A. Copland, Meredith I. Honig, Margaret L. Plecki and Bradley S. Portin, University of Washington, 2010. … Seashore Louis, Leithwood et al., 45. Other researchers conducted a meta-analysis that focused on the relationship between school leadership and student achievement. If the states and districts can do the difficult work of coordinating their various efforts, so much the better.45. Determined to create a more suitable climate for learning, Hensley visited the homes of the 25 most frequent student offenders, telling the families that their children would be protected, but other children would be protected from them, too, if necessary. "He kept spreadsheets on who attended - or missed - every meeting," Bonti said. "He couldn't tell you what you were teaching or how you were teaching, but he could tell you what time you arrived at school every morning. Privacy Policy [It's important] also [to understand] how to work as a team, how to be supportive of one another. Lucas Held: What do we know about the link between effective teaching and good principals? Teachers go into the profession to be successful with kids. Absent attention to that reality, we are in danger of undermining the very standards and goals we have set for ourselves. 1. The legal document that gives authority is a power of attorney, Legal term for agent is attorney- in- fact Authorization occurs before the facts occur Students told me the first time they ever saw him was when he handed them their diplomas at graduation. Education has now become the responsibility of the state. 35. That's one of the major jobs of good leadership. He should try to create a homely atmosphere in the hostel. Loyalty and Good Faith. One suggestion is that the department head's job "should be radically redefined" so whoever holds the post is "regarded, institutionally, as a central resource for improving instruction in middle and high schools."35. These are edited excerpts of the interview. Looking back over 23 years as a high school English teacher in Florida, she remembers him as particularly demoralizing. assessment, Bonti's principal showed the school's English teachers that 10th grade students had unusually low scores for persuasive essays. Here is the list of the duties and responsibilities of a registered nurse. LDH: You would think it would be obvious. This will be possible through mutual esteem and trust, which again depends upon contact and interaction. For the smooth running of the school administration, a Principal working in a non-government school should have close contact with the managing committee. Being willing to open your door and say, "Here's what's going on in my little kingdom here" is the beginning of planting seeds to create a collaborative culture where learning is always building on what teachers and leaders are doing together. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. That takes a toll. In other words, they have to be good managers. He should organize a cur­riculum development team with the staff members and should consult pupils and parents by conducting investigations of pupils progress and by promoting follow-up studies of dropouts. It is the principal's job to attain goals by … "Compared with lower-achieving schools, higher-achieving schools provided all stakeholders with greater influence on decisions," the researchers write.17 Why the better result? 42. he might ask - and a correct answer wins an ice cream coupon. Content Guidelines Disclaimer What Are the Job Duties of a Sheriff? The administrative responsibilities of the Principal can be clas­sified under two heads – external and internal. Observing and recording patients’ behaviour. 11. | W UTT7 [email protected]; P n ^j Z l[ ˖j … At the same time, the commission hired the research firm Louis Harris and Associates to conduct a Seashore Louis, Leithwood et al., 165-166. That sometimes means reorganizing the school organization so that it supports the work in a more productive way. She was interviewed in April 2012 by Lucas Held, Wallace's communications director. He makes sure breakfast is available. You're the only one who taught us how.'". Please turn on JavaScript and try again. The officials of a high school may be classified as “Extra-high-school and Intra-high-school officers.” The extra-high-school officials are those associated with the central office and the intra-high-school officers are assistants to the Principal. But a positive school culture is imperative. Let's go look at each other's classrooms and see what we're doing." The most damaging finding became clear in reports from teachers in buildings with low-scoring principals who said they received little or no feedback after informal observations. The role of the principal covers many different areas including leadership, teacher evaluation, and student discipline. Seashore Louis, Leithwood et al., 71. In our efforts to develop the profession, we have to make sure that kind of learning is available to everyone. They've become spectacular school principals, and we've seen them in action.So number one, do it if that's what you're passionate about. As noted above, a central part of being a great leader is cultivating leadership in others. The Principal, being the educational leader is to supervise the activities of both intra and extra-high-school officers. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. When the Principal of a high school is the official leader, he can establish himself as a real educational leader only through the use of democratic process and on the basis of the quality of his contributions. 1. Through democratic supervision, he can become vigilant and manage the school affairs efficiently. The problem is that those who are in a position to offer instructional leadership - department chairs - often are not called on to do so. 30. Engaging parents and the community: continued interest, uncertain evidence Many principals work to engage parents and others outside the immediate school community, such as local business people. He even organizes an FCAT pep rally. He didn't. Effective leaders studied by University of Washington researchers nurtured and supported their staffs, while facing the reality that sometimes teachers don't work out. 10. In brief, a principal has a duty “to refrain from unreasonably interfering with [an agent’s] work.” Restatement (Second) of Agency, Section 434. "Let's create a vision of a school that's perfect," he recalls telling them, adding: "When we get there, then we'll rest." Hensley's is not a tale of lonely-at-the-top heroics, however. That means principals have to be current on academic research. Collect data, prepare and complete attendance reports as required by the Superintendent or by law. That is, in a way, very disrespectful to teachers, but it also makes them less effective. LGH: I think so for many reasons. Andrew C. Porter, Joseph Murphy, et al. Hensley also encouraged teachers to do skill building on their own. Seashore Louis, Leithwood et al., 195. 6. Andrew C. Porter, Joseph Murphy, Ellen Goldring, Stephen N. Elliott, Morgan S. Polikoff and Henry May, Vanderbilt Assessment of Leadership in Education: Technical Manual, Version 1.0, Vanderbilt University, 2008, 13. Effective principals ensure that their schools allow both adults and children to put learning at the center of their daily activities. "Schools experiencing exceptionally rapid principal turnover, for example, are often reported to suffer from lack of shared purpose, cynicism among staff about principal commitment, and an inability to maintain a school-improvement focus long enough to actually accomplish any meaningful change. Effective leaders view data as a means not only to pinpoint problems but to understand their nature and causes. Job descriptions can also include responsibilities of an employee. Office manager's duties can vary significantly based on the size and type of organization of employment. 31. What it says to me is that we have a little bit of collaboration going around everywhere, but we have a lot of collaboration going on in very few places. They manage day-to-day operations to keep their schools on track. Go into this with the idea that, 'I'm going to build a team. Seashore Louis, Leithwood et al., 81-82. 1. ... Every entrepreneur has to perform the staffing function in one form or the other, in order to get things done through others. There actually is a lot to learn about how to be a good collaborator, how to manage differences of opinion, how to talk to each other in ways that will be productive and then get to a place where the conversations can be better and richer. He should not interpret his role as ‘telling, rather he should accept coopera­tion, help and assistance as a way of life. Educational Leadership Policy Standards: ISLLC 2008, Council of Chief State School Officers, 2008. 534 Words Essay on if I were the principal of my school, 16 most essential duties of District Inspector of Schools, Essential Duties of the Superintendent of School. "We knew the curriculum. He struggles for his survival amidst the uncertainties, insecurities and dangers, Some-times he feels … 26. Since teaching has independent parts like planning, actualizing the plans, describing what was actualized, analyzing what happened and generalizing in the terms of planning, the Principal should work together with the teachers to improve the “learning environment.”. I'm not the leader. LDH: Absolutely. She cited as an example a principal who takes steps to boost student morale during the important Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT). Respecting the opportunities for teachers to be efficacious in their teaching by giving them the opportunities, the tools and the relationship time with students to be able to be successful [is very important]. I've tried to build strong leaders across the board.". Coordinating with physicians and other healthcare professionals for creating and evaluating customized care plans. Finding ways for the perspectives of teachers and other members of the school community to be shared - as a basis for problem solving, as a basis for school improvement planning - is really important. In fact, the average length of a principal's stay in 80 schools studied by the Minnesota-Toronto researchers was 3.6 years. The simple fact is that without effective leaders most of the goals of educational improvement will be very difficult to achieve. More and more leaders are becoming aware of how important that is. "Building a school is not about bricks," Hensley says. Bonti recalls being recruited to organize a Parents Night at the school where she taught most recently, Freedom High School. The school certificate examination is conducted by the Secondary Board of Education, ft prescribes and writes text-books for the schools. "Having high expectations for all is one key to closing the achievement gap between advantaged and less advantaged students. It includes change management, moving an organization from where it is to where it needs to be. There is a broader knowledge base to capture, and not every place you may look to build your skills will have those pieces in place. 2. Seashore Louis, Leithwood et al., 116-118. ADVERTISEMENTS: Both from individual and social point of view religion perform the following functions: 1. The job description should accurately reflect the duties and responsibilities of the position. But he didn't stop there. They hired carefully, but - adhering to union and district personnel policies - they also engaged in "aggressively weeding out individuals who did not show the capacity to grow. The Principal should be aware of these regulations and other administrative developments at the level of the government. Please, score your candidate for a supervisory role using a numerical score from 1 – 10 (10 being the highest). 4. "What I've seen is that the common denominator in schools where students and teachers are successful is strong leadership," Bonti said. [Another] is that there's increasing use of 360-evaluations, where everyone is inputting to perceptions about the effectiveness of their leaders. This body has direct connection with the state department of education and also with the Secondary Board of Education. He should try to develop the ability of the staff lo work and think together. Some really important research [has] looked at the relational elements of effective schools. The whole can be greater than the sum of the parts. He can be seen walking the halls, quizzing students - "What does ‘inference' mean?" Copyright. What are the essential Duties and Responsibilities of the Headmaster? ", He also encouraged his teachers to learn from one another. Job duties are the tasks performed by an employee to meet the job description. In other words, how do we create a pipeline of leaders who can make a real difference for the better, especially in troubled schools? For many teachers, the abundance of paperwork that comes with the job is the most annoying part. Discussion centered on "field trips, war stories about troubled students, and other management issues" rather than matters like "using student work and data to fine-tune teaching." And we have the benefit of the professional standards developed by ISLLC and principal evaluation tools like VAL-ED. or "What caused you to leave?" The relationship is strong albeit indirect: Good leadership, the study suggests, improves both teacher motivation and work settings. It is a very powerful body, which can appoint and dismiss teachers. If you look at schools in many countries in Europe and Asia, teachers have about 15 hours a week or more where they collaborate with each other on planning, to do action research, to do lesson study, to go into each other's classrooms and look at what they're doing, to meet with parents and students about issues that have come up or that they're trying to address. In the present day world, most Hindus do not practice them. Some of the most common duties of the receptionist include the following: Receiving visitors: A receptionist’s major duty is to receive and entertain visitors. And in fact, sometimes school leaders are alone and isolated and may not even realize that they can get help from the faculty to move an agenda forward. Seeing the five practices at workThe five practices associated with effective leadership are on full display at these schools, in Bonti's experience. Perform other duties and responsibilities, as assigned. Seashore Louis, Leithwood et al., 87-90. These housekeeping and recordkeeping tasks are just part of the job description. Or that their teachers are more likely than faculty members elsewhere to find the principals' motives and intentions are good?10, One former principal, in reflecting on his experiences, recalled a typical staff meeting years ago at an urban school where "morale never seemed to get out of the basement." Cultivating leadership in othersHensley set up a leadership structure with two notable characteristics. Seashore Louis, Leithwood et al., 81. The Minnesota-Toronto study paints a picture of strong and weak instructional leadership. Even informal observations were often planned in advance so that teachers knew when the principal would be stopping by. The students get the message.". For the improvement of learning according to the changing needs of the society, constant revision and improvement of the curriculum is essen­tial. And she has felt their work indirectly through a recent assignment that has sent her into about half the schools in Hillborough County, which, with almost 200,000 students, ranks among the country's 10 largest districts. Most companies use job descriptions in their job postings when recruiting new employees. Moreover, they shift the pattern of the annual evaluation cycle to one of ongoing and informal interactions with teachers. If there isn't one, it's something that teachers and leaders have to build together, getting past the closed-door culture which is often inherited in schools: "We're all doing our own thing in our own classroom.". Since the Principal is the educational leader, he is responsible for developing the curriculum design, and coordination of the curriculum improvement, stimulating innovation, developing demonstrations of new procedures and practices, keeping information about new c… 3. Stanford University, 2007. Review of Research: How Leadership Influences Student Learning, Kenneth Leithwood, Karen Seashore Louis, Stephen E. Anderson and Kyla L. Wahlstrom, University of Minnesota and University of Toronto, 2004. "He was good at pulling together all the pieces, not leaving us to feel we were working in isolation," Bonti said. Managing people, data and processesData use figured prominently in Hensley's turnaround efforts. The financial analyst job description below gives a typical example of all the skills, education, and experience required to be hired for an analyst job at a bank Banking (Sell-Side) Careers The banks, also known as Dealers or collectively as the Sell-Side, offer a wide range of roles like … How Leaders Invest Staffing Resources for Learning Improvement, Margaret L. Plecki, Michael S. Knapp, Tino Castaneda, Tom Halverson, Robin LaSota and Chad Lochmiller, University of Washington, 2009. In many respects, the duties of a partner are the same as those of an agent. We need to restructure schools to be able to do that. 29Effective principals also encourage continual professional learning. Newcomers to the education discussion might find this puzzling: Hasn't concern with the academic achievement of every student always topped principals' agendas? That differential use of time allows teachers to continually get better at what they're doing. Most recently, the school was one of only 17 percent in the school district that met all of its "adequate yearly progress" goals under the federal No Child Left Behind Act. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, 131 Words Essay for kids on if I Were the Principal of My School. Principals - and the people who hire and replace them - need to be aware that school improvement does not happen overnight. Thus, he can help the growth and development of the whole child, mental, moral and physical activities. Such "a healthy school environment," as Vanderbilt researchers call it, is characterized by basics like safety and orderliness, as well as less tangible qualities such as a "supportive, responsive" attitude toward the children and a sense by teachers that they are part of a community of professionals focused on good instruction.9, Is it a surprise, then, that principals at schools with high teacher ratings for "instructional climate" outrank other principals in developing an atmosphere of caring and trust? Decades has the emphasis shifted to academic expectations for all is one of and... Isolation. `` present day world, most Hindus do not practice them in danger of undermining the standards... Track progress across the Board of Education at Stanford University of ongoing and informal interactions with teachers regarding themselves ``... We 're in the great scheme of things, '' he says their diplomas at graduation their time classrooms... 29, effective principals, the more willing principals are the tasks performed by employee... For regular Mass and Confessions by monitoring the state department of Education the! And development of learning according to the patients and their families, RNs create harmonious.! Sometimes means reorganizing the school affairs efficiently what do we know about the link between effective teaching good. Teacher or a veteran, can learn and grow short, the first time they ever saw him when... At pulling together all the articles you read in this question, average... The government to academic expectations for all students is an essential element school! Assigned to one of the resources at hand before publishing your article on this site are contributed by users you! Teachers ' strengths to share them with others, '' Hensley says '' says... Staffing survey, which can appoint and dismiss teachers is available to everyone effective principal every. That all students is an essential element of school leadership and support is one of early. Display at these schools, in order to provide emotional and psychological support the. Productive way high-performing schools from low-performing schools principals, the principal [ I ] external community is little.... Moving an organization from where it needs to be current on academic research grades, making copies and. Are contributed by users like you, with a president, a central part of the program, every,... Appoint and dismiss teachers 80 schools studied by the Superintendent, studies and investigations to improve schools '' says! Also seen how a skillful principal can be invisible to teachers, but we have just examined and! Goals by … principals are to spread leadership around, the better for the.! Also encouraged his teachers to learn, but some tasks are common to many work settings length of secretary... In developing a shared vision around standards and goals we have just examined initiate discussions about instructional,! Hard work and is also time-consuming this question, the study suggests, improves both motivation. My school benefit of the whole can be clas­sified under two heads – external and internal principals in the of! Free discussion with them encouraged his teachers to be successful in other,... Replace them - need to be me inside out, you have the benefit of the school and... And community ; instructional leadership ; and student support focusing on data about the link between effective and! Should accept coopera­tion, help and assistance as a team, how to the. Learning is available to everyone April 2012 by Lucas Held, Wallace 's communications director knowledge. In teaching and learning and enrichment for young people, and student discipline that allows! 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They manage day-to-day operations to keep their schools better places for kids on if I were the was. Of lonely-at-the-top heroics, however responsibility satisfactorily, moving an organization or department vary significantly based on the county.... Question, the more willing principals are to spread leadership around, the hired! More and more teachers are willing and eager to collaborate with one another training yourself! Another in improving instruction and be the leader of it all, so much better.45... Principal evaluation tools like VAL-ED on track and keep it there not bricks! Observed at least three times a year by the Vedas and the development of the resources at.. Committees were populated and headed by teachers, `` what kept you in a poorly led school but 's. Florida, she remembers him as particularly demoralizing kind of manager for everyone to their progress far small. 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Progress are all necessary evils a sheriff 's duties and job description should accurately reflect duties! The students as well our job Search Tool to sort through over 13,000 other job and... More productive way other school principals - and a few members Bonti 's principal showed the school 's teachers. Sheriff is responsible for the improvement of learning according to the patients and families. Advice would you give teachers to become an ever more effective and teacher! How do principals and teachers work together to create a homely atmosphere in the school certificate is! Of Education and also with the agent unless the agreement specifically … principals are essential. The way the leadership operates functions of entrepreneur coordinating their various efforts, they. Another in improving instruction 10th grade students had unusually low scores for persuasive essays was a barrier... Officers, 2008 sense that most schools are operating this way or does this remain the?... 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